Are you at Risk?
Along with the rapid socioeconomic growth in the Gulf countries, there has been a change in lifestyle, resulting in an increased consumption of poor quality foods and the adoption of a sedentary lifestyle. As a consequence, the incidence of Cardiovascular Disease and associated risk factors among the population have also increased.
How can it be harmful?
When there is too much cholesterol in your blood, it builds up in the walls of your arteries. Over time, this buildup causes “hardening of the arteries” so that arteries become narrowed and blood flow to the heart is slowed down or blocked. This may cause chest pain or even a heart attack.
Does it have any visible symptoms?
High blood cholesterol itself does not cause symptoms, so many people are unaware of their high cholesterol level. It is important to get tested and find out your cholesterol numbers.
What affects cholesterol levels?
- Diet: Saturated fat and cholesterol in food may increase your cholesterol level
- Weight: Being overweight increases your cholesterol level
- Physical activity: Regular physical activity can help lower LDL cholesterol and raise HDL cholesterol
Know your desired numbers:
- Total cholesterol: < 200 mg/dL
- LDL (bad cholesterol): < 100 mg/dL
- HDL (good cholesterol): ≥ 60 mg/dL
- Triglycerides—Levels that are 150 mg/dL or higher may necessitate treatment
How do you find out what your numbers are?
See a doctor today and ask for your critical health numbers to be screened. Getting a blood test called a 'fasting lipoprotein profile' will give information about your lipids (total cholesterol, LDL, HDL and triglycerides).
Dyslipidemia refers to the abnormal levels of lipids in the blood
Dyslipidemia is the most common risk factor of cardiovascular disease in the UAE, recorded in nearly three out of every four outpatients.
A highly common epidemic in the UAE
Within the Gulf region, the prevalence of type 2 diabetes and associated risk factors and comorbidities is one of the highest in the world. It was reported that nearly 1 out of 4 people in the UAE suffer type 2 diabetes.
You may not realize that you are at risk
Up to 50% of people with type 2 diabetes remain undiagnosed.
See a doctor today, and ask for your critical health numbers to be screened
Blood sugar is measured by the amount of glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) in your blood. Most guidelines consider HbA1c <%7 as the general target for glucose control.
Individuals with type 2 diabetes are likely to have other risk factors of cardiovascular disease
It is recommended that you monitor your blood cholesterol, blood pressure, blood sugar and weight.
The high proportion of undiagnosed hypertension could be a reason for the relatively young age of stroke patients in the Gulf region
Several studies have reported that the high proportion of undiagnosed hypertension and diabetes might be a reason for younger stroke patients in the Gulf.
Most people in the UAE are unaware of their hypertension
A Study has shown that the prevalence of hypertension in young male South Asian immigrants, who constitute the largest proportion of the UAE is high, while the awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in this large population are very low.
A check-up at your nearest clinic should take around 15 minutes.
A study suggests that screening is beneficial in all adults in the UAE.
The numbers are worrying
According to the WHO, more than 50% of males and nearly 7 out of 10 females in the UAE are physically inactive.
Are the bad habits transferred to our children?
A 2016 report highlighted that the majority of UAE children are not achieving the daily recommended level of physical activity.
Physical inactivity is relatively higher in females
This is in part due to social, environmental and cultural factors.
What are the reasons behind the high levels of physical inactivity?
The increasing levels can be blamed on certain unique social, cultural, and environmental factors such as hot climate, high cost of attending health clubs, and the high dependency on automobiles.
The prevalence of obesity in the UAE is among the highest in the world
According to a 2015 report from the World Health Organization (WHO), 33.8% of males and 45.1% of females in the UAE are obese.
The burden is higher in women
Obesity rates in the UAE tend to be even more severe for women.
Indicator of obesity
Body mass index (BMI) is easily calculated using the following formula:
- BMI = weight (kg) ÷ height2 (m2), where:
- BMI = 18.5–20 kg/m2 indicates a normal weight
- BMI = 25–29.9 kg/m2 indicates that a person is overweight
- BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 indicates that a person is obese
The bad habit is very common in the UAE
According to a 2009 survey which was conducted by Dubai Health Authority (DHA), 21.4% of men who live in Dubai are smokers.
How to quit, and remain smoke-free
Many smokers understand that their addiction to cigarettes is often what makes it difficult to quit.
Addiction to smoking includes physical, social, and mental aspects
Smokers may have a better chance of quitting and sticking to their decision if they address all three parts of the chain of addiction
- Cigarettes contain an addictive chemical called nicotine
- Nicotine produces changes in the smoker's brain. As a result, smoking a cigarette decreases a smoker's anxiety level
- Nicotine also stimulates the brain to release chemicals that make smokers feel more awake and alert
- This is the act of smoking cigarettes as part of your daily routine. Many smokers light up at specific times of day such as after finishing a meal
- Smoking may become an automatic behaviour that you might light up without thinking about it
- Smokers may also link emotions such as pleasure or relief with having a cigarette
- Many smokers develop social groups around smoking
- Smoking can also be used as a social icebreaker by asking someone: “Got a light?”
- You might even have a group of friends that you met during smoking breaks at work